INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN WORKING MEMORY CAPACITY AND L2 READING COMPREHENSION

Autores

  • Joara Martin Bergsleithner Doutora. Universidade de Brasília – UnB.

Resumo

Esta resenha tenta, brevemente, estabelecer uma relação entre as diferenças individuais em relação à capacidade de memória de trabalho e compreensão de leitura. Primeiramente, a resenha discute resultados de estudos realizados sobre tal relação, levando em consideração a primeira língua ou língua materna (L1). Em seguida, revela evidências para tal relação na língua estrangeira ou segunda língua (L2). Por fim, esta revisão teórica demonstra que as diferenças individuais têm um papel crucial na forma como os indivíduos usam o seu conhecimento para organizar o processamento de informações durante o processo de compreensão de leitura na L2.

Referências

BADDELEY, A. D. Working memory. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

BADDELEY, A. D. Human memory: Theory and practice. Hove, UK:

Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1990.

BADDELEY, A. D. Working memory. Science, 255, 556-559, 1992a.

BADDELEY, A. D. Is working memory working? The fifteenth Bartlett

lecture. The Quartely Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1992b, 44A,

-31.

BADDELEY, A. D.; Logie, R. H. Working memory: the multiple

component model. In: Miyake, A.; Shah, P. (Eds.). Models of working

memory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999, pp. 28-59.

BERQUIST, B. Memory models applied to L2 comprehension: a

search for common ground. In Taillefer, G.; Pugh, A.K. (Eds.) 1997.

Lectire à l’Université: Langues maternelle, seconde et étrangère.

Reading in the University: First, second and foreign languages.

Toulouse: Presses de l’Université des Sciences Sociales de Toulouse,

, pp. 29-44.

BIALYSTOK, E.; HAKUTA, K. In other words: the science and

psychology of Second language acquisition. New York: Basic Books,

CARRELL, P. L. The Effects of Rethorical Organization on ELS

Readers. Tesol Quartely. 18 (3), 441-469, 1984.

CARRELL, P. L. Awareness of text structure: Effects on recall.

Language Learning. 42 (1), 1-20, 1992.

CARREL, P. L.; EISTERHOLD, J. C. Schema theory and ESL reading

pedagogy. TESOL Quarterly, 17(4), 553-573, 1983.

DANEMAN, M.; CARPENTER, P. A. Individual differences in

working memory and reading. Journal of verbal learning and verbal

behavior, 19, 450-466, 1980.

DANEMAN, M.; CARPENTER, P.A. Individual differences in

integrating information between and within sentences. Journal of

experimental psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v. 9, pp.

-584, 1983.

ELLIS, N. C.; SINCLAIR, S. G. Working memory in the acquisition of

vocabulary and syntax: putting language in good

order. The quarterly journal of experimental psychology, 49a

(1), 234-

, 1996.

ENGLE, R. W. Working memory and retrieval: An inhibition-resource

approach. In: J. T. E. Richardson, R. W. Engle, L. Hasher, R. H. Logie, E.

R. Stoltzfus; R.T. Zacks (Eds.), Working Memory and Human

Cognition, 1996.

FRIEDMAN, N. P.; MIYAKE, A. The reading span test and its

predictive power for reading comprehension ability. Journal of

Memory and Language, 51, 136-158, 2004.

HARRINGTON, M. Working memory capacity as a constraint on L2

development. In R.J. Harris (Ed.) Cognitive processing in bilinguals.

Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1992.

HARRINGTON, M.; Sawyer, M. L2 working memory capacity and

L2 reading skill. Studies in Second language Acquisition, v. 14, p. 25-38,

JUST, M. A.; Carpenter, P. A. A theory of reading: from eye fixations

to comprehension. Psychological Review, 87, 329-354,

JUST, M. A.; Carpenter, P. A. A Capacity Theory of Comprehension:

Individual Differences in Working Memory. Psychological Review. 99

(1), 122-149, 1992.

KINTSCH, W.; van DIJK, T. Toward a model of text comprehension

and production. Psychological Review, 85 (5), 363-394. Long, M.

(1990). Maturational constraints on language development. Studies of

second language acquisition 12: 251-86, 1978.

McLAUGHLIN, B.; ROSSMAN, T., McLEOD, B. Second language

learning: an information processing perspective. Language

Learning 33, 135-58, 1983.

MIYAKE, A.; CARPENTER, P. A.; JUST, M. A. A capacity approach

to syntactic comprehension disorders: making normal adults perform

like aphasic patients. Cognitive Neuropsyhcology, 11, 671-717,

MIYAKE, A.; FRIEDMAN, N. P. Individual differences in second

language proficiency: working memory as language aptitude. In A. F.

Healy; L. E. Bourne, Jr. (Eds.), Foreign language learning:

Psycholinguistic studies on training and retention, 1998, p. 339-364.

Mahawah, N. J: Lawrence Erbaum.

MIYAKE, A.; Shah, P. Toward a unified theory of working memory:

emerging general consensus, unresolved theoretical issues, and future

research directions. In A.

Miyake; P. Shah (Eds.), Models of working memory: mechanisms of

active maintenance and executive control, 1999, pp. 442-481.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

SKEHAN, P. (1989). Individual differences in second language

learning. London: Edward Arnold.

TOMITCH, L. M. B. Individual differences in the text organization

perception and working memory capacity. Revista da ANPOLL,

no. 2, p. 71-93, 1996.

TOMITCH, L. M. B. Individual differences in working memory

capacity and the recall of predicted elements in the text Lenguas

Modernas, 26-27, 31-51, 2000a.

TOMITCH, L. M. B. Teaching main ideas: Are we really teaching?

Linguagem & Ensino, 3 (1), 45-53, 2000b.

VAN DIJK, T. A.; KINTSCH, W. Strategies of discourse

comprehension. New York: Academic Press, 1983.

Downloads

Publicado

13/07/2015

Como Citar

Bergsleithner, J. M. (2015). INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN WORKING MEMORY CAPACITY AND L2 READING COMPREHENSION. Revista ECOS, 12(1). Recuperado de https://periodicos.unemat.br/index.php/ecos/article/view/705

Edição

Seção

LINGUÍSTICA/ LÍNGUA PORTUGUESA